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順酐的制備到底是如何的?

來源:http://www.lcavanah.com/ 日期:2021-04-02 發布人:shungan 瀏覽次數:
通過對市場的調查回訪我們發現,很多客戶對山東順酐的制備方法還不是了解的很明白,今天小編就將查閱的相關資料與大家分享一下,希望引起大家的重視,讓大家對山東順酐有一個深層次的了解。這樣大家在購買使用山東順酐時也能做到心中有數,不怕上當受騙,希望對大家有所啟發與幫助。
Through the recent market survey, we found that many customers do not understand the preparation method of Shandong maleic anhydride very well. Today, I will share the relevant information with you, hoping to arouse your attention and let you have a deep understanding of Shandong maleic anhydride. In this way, when you buy and use Shandong maleic anhydride, you can also have a clear idea, and you are not afraid of being cheated. I hope it will inspire and help you.
1. 苯氧化制山東順酐
1. Oxidation of benzene to maleic anhydride
將苯與空氣混合(苯為1%-1.4% )經換熱器預熱后,進人列管式催化反應器。在壓力為0.1-0.2MPa、溫度為350-400℃的反應條件下進行氧化反應,所得產物經兩臺換熱器、一臺冷卻器后,冷卻到接近露點(55―65℃)。冷卻后的反應物進入分離器,分離器底部得粗順酐,進入粗順酐罐。分離器頂部流出物進人洗滌塔,用水洗滌,塔頂為多余空氣和未反應的苯,苯可用吸附回收。洗滌塔塔底水溶液進人脫水器,分離出水,所得粗順酐進人粗順酐罐。粗順酐進一步進人蒸餾塔進行蒸餾精制,得順酐。所得山東順酐可進行異構化得富馬酸和蘋果酸。
The mixture of benzene and air (1.4%) is preheated in tubular reactor. The oxidation reaction was carried out under the reaction conditions of 0.1-0.2mpa pressure and 350-400 ℃ temperature. The product was cooled to near dew point (55-65 ℃) by two heat exchangers and one cooler. The cooled reactant enters the separator, and crude maleic anhydride is obtained at the bottom of the separator and enters the crude maleic anhydride tank. The effluent from the top of the separator enters the scrubber and is washed with water. The top of the scrubber contains excess air and unreacted benzene, which can be recovered by adsorption. The water solution at the bottom of the washing tower enters the dehydrator to separate the water, and the obtained crude maleic anhydride enters the crude maleic anhydride tank. The crude maleic anhydride is further put into a distillation tower for distillation and refining to obtain maleic anhydride. The obtained maleic anhydride can be isomerized to give fumaric acid and malic acid.
2.C4餾分部分氧化制順酐
2. Partial oxidation of C4 fraction to maleic anhydride
工業上用不經分離的C4餾分或分離異丁烯和丁二烯后的C4餾分為原料生產順酐。C4餾分與空氣混合后進人流化床氧化反應器,在300―500℃溫度下,與反應器中的催化劑接觸生產順酐。氧化反應器頂部流出的反應生成物進人吸收塔,用水作為吸收劑,塔頂氣體經廢水
Maleic anhydride is produced from C4 fraction without separation or C4 fraction after separation of isobutene and butadiene. The mixture of C4 fraction and air was fed into a fluidized bed oxidation reactor to produce maleic anhydride at 300-500 ℃. The reaction product from the top of the oxidation reactor enters the absorption tower, water is used as the absorbent, and the top gas passes through the waste water

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